Understanding the Technology of Hiking Sunglasses with UV Blocking
Hiking is an exciting outdoor activity that allows us to explore nature and challenge ourselves physically. However, it’s important to protect ourselves while we enjoy the great outdoors. One crucial aspect of protection is wearing sunglasses with UV blocking technology. In this article, we will delve into the technology behind hiking sunglasses with UV blocking and why it’s essential for every outdoor enthusiast.
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a common element of sunlight that can potentially cause harm to our eyes. It occurs in different forms, including UVA, UVB, and UVC. UVA rays can penetrate deep into the skin, causing premature aging and increasing the risk of developing cataracts. UVB rays are responsible for sunburn and can damage the surface layers of the eyes. UVC rays are absorbed by the atmosphere, so they usually don’t reach the Earth’s surface.
When it comes to hiking, our eyes are at higher risk of exposure to harmful UV rays due to the high altitude and open surroundings. Therefore, it’s crucial to invest in hiking sunglasses equipped with UV blocking technology. So, how do these sunglasses work?
The primary technology used in hiking sunglasses to block harmful UV rays is the addition of special lenses. The lenses are made from different materials that contain UV blockers. Polycarbonate, a lightweight and durable material, is commonly used, as it offers excellent UV protection. Other materials, such as CR-39, also provide good UV blocking capabilities.
In addition to the lens material, coatings are applied to enhance the UV blocking properties. One of the most common coatings is the UV 400 coating, which blocks 100% of UV rays up to 400 nanometers. This coating ensures that both UVA and UVB rays are effectively blocked, keeping our eyes safe from harmful radiation.
Polarized lenses are another option for hikers seeking additional protection. They work by reducing glare caused by sunlight reflecting off surfaces like water, snow, or rocks. This feature not only enhances visual clarity but also prevents eye strain during long hikes. Polarized lenses are especially beneficial when hiking near bodies of water or in areas with highly reflective surfaces.
Photochromic lenses offer another innovative solution for hikers. These lenses automatically adapt to changing light conditions. When exposed to UV radiation, they darkened, providing optimal protection against bright sunlight. Conversely, indoors or in low-light situations, they lighten up, ensuring clear vision. Photochromic lenses are perfect for hikers who often encounter varying light intensities during their adventures.
A critical factor to consider when choosing hiking sunglasses is their fit. The sunglasses should sit comfortably on your face, providing sufficient coverage to block peripheral light. Wraparound styles are particularly effective in achieving this, as they prevent light from entering from the sides. Moreover, a snug fit prevents the sunglasses from slipping down your nose or falling off during active movements.
In conclusion, understanding the technology of hiking sunglasses with UV blocking is essential for any outdoor enthusiast. The lenses and coatings used in these sunglasses effectively block harmful UV rays, preventing long-term eye damage. Options such as polarized and photochromic lenses provide additional benefits like glare reduction and adaptability to different light intensities. Lastly, choosing sunglasses with a proper fit ensures optimum protection and comfort during your hiking adventures. So, don’t forget to equip yourself with these technological marvels to enjoy a safer and more enjoyable hiking experience.